Wednesday, September 14, 2005

Pathways to Knowledge: private and public

By Goldman, Alvin I. Regents Professor of PhilosophyUniversity of Arizona

Explores issues ranging from introspection to social epistemology. "Internalism Exposed" pinpoints problems in the defense of internalism as an approach to epistemic justification. "A Priori Warrant and Naturalistic Epistemology" argues that naturalistic epistemology is compatible with a priori warrant, and shows how scientific research supports an innate faculty of number cognition that can generate arithmetic belief with a priori warrant. "The Unity of the Epistemic Virtues" examines the prospects for a unifying account of distinct epistemic values, such as justified belief and true belief. The next three papers consider intuitions and introspection from an epistemological perspective. One paper explains how intuitions can play the evidential role that philosophical practice assigns to it. Two papers argue that introspection plays an unavoidable but legitimate role in the science of consciousness despite being a "private" method. The final three papers deal with aspects of social epistemology. One asks how novices can justifiably choose among two or more competing experts. Another explores the possibility of an epidemiology of knowledge, of which memetics is a prominent example. The final paper provides a critical survey and guide to the diverse approaches to social epistemology.

(from :
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